The Potential of Pumpkin (Cucurbita Moschata Duschene) as Commercial Crop in Malaysia

Aimi Fadzirul Kamarubahrin, Asmaddy Bin Haris, Siti Nurazira Binti Mohd Daud, Zurina Binti Kefeli @ Zulkefli, Nursilah Binti Ahmad, Nurul Aini Binti Muhamed, Syadiyah Binti Abdul Shukor


Awareness of recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption has increased substantially over the last 20 years. In addition, fruits and vegetables such as pumpkin are good sources of many important nutrients, including potassium, vitamin C, folate, fiber, and numerous phytochemicals. Malaysia produces pumpkin of its own, with considerably large areas of production comparable to its high global demand. However, in reality, there is a limitation in the commercial production as the local pumpkin is very much dependent on the market demand as the utilization has been limited to the consumption of fresh product. Thus, the objective of the study first initiative to provide the information about the pumpkin and second to investigates the opportunities on commercialized local pumpkin in Malaysia as by products despite various nutritious it is also listed as prophetic foods. The scientific research that covered a broad range of in vitro to in vivo studies on the by-products potentials of these fruits is also discussed in detail. The current review is an update for researchers to have a better understanding of the pumpkin, which simultaneously can provide awareness to enhance their commercial value and promote their utilization as a prophetic food especially to the Muslim consumer.


Pumpkin, Local Prophetic Foods, By Products, Commercialized

Full Text:



Adams, G.G., Shahwar, I., Wang, S., Abubaker, M., Samil, K., David, A.G., Channell, G.A., Gordon, A.M., Harding, S.E. 2011. The Hypoglycaemic Effect of Pumpkin as Anti-Diabetic and Functional Medicines. Food Research International, 44(4), 862-867.

Adedapo, A.; Dina, O.; Saba, A.; Oladipo,O. 2002: Evaluation of Telfaria Occiden-Talis and Sorghum Bicolor Extracts Aspotent Haematinics in Domestic Rabbits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 29,88–93

Agro Mumpung. 2014. Cara Menanam Labu Kuning Yang Baik Dan Benar. Available [Online] at [Accessed on 4 September 2018].

Al Zuhair, H. A. N. A., El-Fattah, A. A. A., & El-Sayed, M. I. 2000. Pumpkin-Seed Oil Modulates the Effect of Felodipine and Captopril in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Pharmacological Research, 41(5), 555–563.

Anim Hosnam. 2017. Labu Manis. Available [Online] at, 2017/01/tanaman-labu-manis-di-tkpm.html [Accessed on 12 April 2018].

Anthony Bratsch. 2009. Specialty Crop Profile: Pumpkins. Virgina Cooperative Extension. Publication 438-100.

Chakravarthy I. 2000. Food based strategies to control vitamin A deficiency, J Food Nutr 21: 135-143.

CDC. 2011. Strategies to Prevent Obesity and Other Chronic Diseases: The CDC Guide to Strategies to Increase the Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables. Atlanta, U.S: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Department of Health and Human Services.

Clinton C. Shock, Erik B. G. Feibert, and Lamont D. 2015. Can Pumpkins Be Grown for Snack Seed Purposes in The Treasure Valley? Bill Buhrig, Malheur County Extension Service, Oregon State University, Ontario.

Dannenhoffer, J. M., Suhr, R. C., & Thompson, G. A. 2001. Phloem-Specific Expression of the Pumpkin Fruit Trypsin Inhibitor. Planta, 212(2), 155–162.

De Escalada Pla, M. F., Ponce, N. M., Wider, M. E., Stortz, C., Rojas, A. M., & Gerschenson, L. N. 2005. Chemical and Biochemical Changes of Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch) Tissue in Relation to Osmotic Stress. Journal of the Science Food Agriculture, 85(11), 1852–1860.

Department of Agriculture Peninsular Malaysia. 2016. Hectarage and Production of Vegetables, Malaysia by Types, 2016. Vegetables and Cash Crops Statistics Malaysia 2016.

Derossi, A., De Pilli, T., Giuliani, R., Orlando, I., Palmieri, L. & Severini, C. 2011. Study on Prestabilization of Pumpkin (Cucurbita Moschata) by Osmotic Dehydration in Quaternary Complex Solution. Journal of Food Processing Engineering, 34(2), 398–413.

Diane M. Barrett, John C. Beaulieu, and Rob Shewfelt. 2010. Color, Flavor, Texture, and Nutritional Quality of Fresh-Cut Fruits and Vegetables: Desirable Levels, Instrumental and Sensory Measurement, and the Effects of Processing. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition ,50: 369–389 (2010).

Dinu, V., Harvey, C., Ilderton, A., Marklund, M. & Torgrimsson, G. 2016. Quantum Radiation Reaction: From Interference to Incoherence. Physical Review Letters, 116(4), 044801.

Djutin, K. E. 1991. Pumpkin: Nutritional Properties. Potatoes and Vegetables, 3, 25-26.

DOA. 2016. Perangkaan Agromakanan 2015 (Buah-Buahan). Putrajaya: Department of Agriculture. Available [Online] at, bea7af36-8745-4a97-b9c5-99b52a4a866b/resource/608c2746-ee18-40ba-b044-74a62eebc10e/download/jad-3.4---bpam-2015---buah-buahan06-jun-2016.xlsx [Accessed on 16 January 2018].

ETP. 2010. Agriculture, Entry Point Project 7 (Agriculture Livestock). Putrajaya: Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). Available [Online] at,;_Premium_ Fruits_and_Vegetables.aspx (Accessed on 12 January 2018).

Fahim, A. T., Abd-el Fattah, A. A., Agha, A. M., & Gad, M. Z. 1995. Effect of Pumpkin-Seed Oil on the Level of Free Radical Scavengers Induced During Adjuvant-Arthritis in Rats. Pharmacological Research, 31(1), 73–79.

Hashim, N., Onwude, D., & Rahaman, E. 2014. A Preliminary Study: Kinetic Model of Drying Process of Pumpkins (Cucurbita Moschata) in a Convective Hot Air Dryer. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 2(2), 345–352.

Iwo, M. I., Insanu, M., & Dass, C. A. S. 2014. Development of Immunonutrient from Pumpkin (Cucurbita Moschata Duchense Ex. Lamk.) Seed. Procedia Chemistry, 13, 105–111.

Jacob, J.; Wilson, H.; Miles, R.; Butcher,G.; Mather, F. 2013: Factors Affecting Egg Production in Backyard Chicken Flocks. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL.

Kampuse, S., Ozola, L., Straumite, E., and Galoburda, R. 2015. Quality Parameters of Wheat Bread Enriched with Pumpkin (Cucurbita Moschata) By-Products. Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology, 19(2), 3-14.

Klein, S. 2014. 8 Impressive Health Benefits of Pumpkin. Available [Online] at, html [Accessed on 12 April 2018].

Konopacka, D., Seroczynska, A., Korzeniewska, A., Jesionkowska, K., Niemirowicz-Szcytt, K., and Plocharski, W. 2010. Studies on the Usefulness of Cucurbita Maxima for the Production of Ready-To-Eat Dried Vegetable Snacks with a High Carotenoid Content. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 43(2), 302–309.

Kuhlmann, H. K., Koetter, U., & Theurer, C. 1999. Sterol Contents in Medicinal Pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo Convar. Citrullinina Var. Styriaca). In International Symposium of Cucurbits, 492, 175–178.

MARDI. 2014. Statistik Utama Pemasaran FAMA 2014 (Edaran Umum). Selangor: Lembaga Pemasaran Pertanian Persekutuan (FAMA). Available [Online] at, [Accessed on 12 January 2018].

Margaret Chan Kit Yoka, Seraphina Anak Dominic Gisong, Beatrice Anak Modon, Rogaya Rusim. (2016). Creating New Market in Integrated Agriculture Development Area in Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia – Case Study in the Supply Chain of Cucurbita sp. (Pumpkin). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 224 (2016) 516 – 522. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.428.

Mattthew, Achilonu, C. Nwafor, I, O. Umesiobi, D and Sedibe, Moosa. 2017. Biochemical Proximate of Pumpkin (Cucurbitaeae Spp.) and Their Beneficial Effects on the General Well‐Being of Poultry Species. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition. 102. 10.1111/jpn.12654.

Mayor, L., Moreira, R., Chenlo, F., & Sereno, A. M. 2007. Osmotic Dehydration Kinetics of Pumpkin Fruits using Ternary Solutions of Sodium Chloride and Sucrose. Drying Technology, 25(10), 1749–1758.

Muhammad, R. M. and Masdek, N. R. N. M. 2016. Overview of Melon Industry in Malaysia. Selangor: Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI).

Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2006. Soil Fertility Guidelines for Pumpkins. Illinois Agronomy Technical Note. No. 19 August, 2006.

Nishimura. M, Ohkawara, T., Sato, H., Takeda, H., and Nishihira, J. 2014. Pumpkin Seed Oil Extracted from Cucurbita Maxima Improves Urinary Disorder in Human Overactive Bladder. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 4(1), 72–74.

Noor Aziah A and, Komathi CA. 2009. Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Peeled and Unpeeled Pumpkin Flour. J Food Sci 74(7):328-333.

Noor Aziah AA, Komathi CA, and Bhat R. 2011. Evaluation of Resistant Starch in Crackers Incorporated with Unpeeled and Peeled Pumpkin Flour. J Food Technol 6(12):1054-1060.

Norfezah, M. N. 2013. Development of Expanded Snack Foods Containing Pumpkin Flour and Corn Grits Using Extrusion Technology. (Doctoral Dissertation, Massey University), Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Norshazila, S., Irwandi, J., Othman, R. & Yumi Zuhanis, H. H. 2014. Carotenoid Content in Different Locality of Pumpkin (Cucurbita Moschata Duschene) in Malaysia. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 6(3), 29-32.

Nurhuda, H. H., Maskat, M. Y., Mamot, S., Afiq, J., and Aminah, A. 2013. Effect of Blanching on Enzyme and Antioxidant Activities of Rambutan (Nephelium Lappaceum) Peel. International Food Research Journal, 20(4), 1725–1730.

Quora. n.d. When did pumpkins first appear in Europe from North America? Available [Online] at [Accessed on 4 September 2018].

Pirmohammadi, R., Rouzbehan, Y., Rezayazdi, K., and Zahedifar, M. 2006. Chemical Composition, Digestibility and In Situ Degradability of Dried and Ensiled Apple Pomace and Maize Silage. Small Ruminant Research, 66(1), 150–155.

Pongjanta, J., Jomduang, S. and Panomwan Na Ayuttaya, R. 2003. Effect of processing and drying treatment on quality of pumpkin powder. Food J. 33: 68-76.

Pongjanta, J., Phomphang, U., Manon, T., Isarangporn, R. and Thaiou, T. 2004. The utilization of pumpkin powder in Thai Sweetmeal. Food J. 34: 80-89.

Pongjanta, J., Naulbunrang, A., Kawngdang, S., Manon, T., and Thepjaikat, T. 2006. Utilization of pumpkin powder in bakery products Songklanakarin, J. Sci. Technol., 28(1), 71-79.

Rakcejeva. T., Galoburda, R., Cude, L., Strautniece, E. 2011. Use of Dried Pumpkins in Wheat Bread Production. Procedia Food Science, 1, 441–447.

Razzaghzadeh, S., Amini-Jabalkandi, J., and Hashemi, A. 2007. Effects of Different Levels of Pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo) Residue Silage Replacement with Forage Part of Ration on Male Buffalo Calves Fattening Performance. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 6(sup2), 575–577.

See EF, Wan Nadiah WA, Noor Aziah AA 2007. Physicochemical and Sensory Evaluation of Breads Supplemented with Pumpkin Flour. ASEAN Food Journal 14(2):123-130.

Shahidan, N., Jaswir, I., Othman, R., Hashim, H., and Zuhanis, Y. 2014. Carotenoid Content in Different Locality of Pumpkin (Cucurbita Moschata) in Malaysia. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 6(3), 29–32.

Sotelo, Angela and Perez, Lourdes. 2003. Nutritive Value of Chicken and Potato Mixtures for Infant and Preschool Children Feeding. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 83. 1205 - 1209. 10.1002/jsfa.1524.

Svjetlana Medjakovic, Stefanie Hobiger, Karin Ardjomand-Woelkart, Franz Bucar, Alois Jungbauer. 2016. Pumpkin Seed Extract: Cell Growth Inhibition of Hyperplastic and Cancer Cells, Independent of Steroid Hormone Receptors. Fitoterapia. Volume 110, April 2016, Pages 150-156.

Tatiana Dumitra Panaite, Rodica Diana Criste, Mariana Ropota, V. Criste, Gabriela Vasile, Margareta Olteanu, Monica Mitoi, Raluca Socoliuc, and Al. Vlaicu. 2016. Determination of The Feeding Value of Food Industry By-Products. Scientific Papers-Animal Science Series: Lucrări Ştiinţifice - Seria Zootehnie, vol. 66.

Tracey Roizman. n.d. Pumpkin Seed Health Benefits and Research Studies. Available [Online] at [Accessed on 4 September 2018].

Usha R, Lakshmi M and Ranjani M. 2010. Nutritional, Sensory and Physical Analysis of Pumpkin Flour Incorporated into Weaning Mix. Mal J Nutr 16 (3): 379-387.

Utterback, J.M. 2004. The Dynamics of Innovation. Educause Review 39(1): 42-51.

Wafar, R. J., Hannison, M. I., Abdullahi, U., and Makinta, A. 2017. Effect of Pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo L.) Seed Meal on the Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research, 2(3), 1–7.

Yadav. M., Jain, S., Tomar, R., Prasad, G. B. K. S., & Yadav, H. 2010. Medicinal and Biological Potential of Pumpkin: An Updated Review. Nutrition Research Reviews, 23(2), 184–190.

Zaharah, A., Wan Azman, W. I., & Albahari, S. 2006. Planting of Pumpkin on Bris Soil. Buletin Teknologi Tanaman, 3, 35–42.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The Pertanika Journal of Scholarly Research Reviews, (e-ISSN: 2462-2028, ISSN: 2636-9141) published by Universiti Putra Malaysia Press